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Machine Learning

Career in Machine Learning: Certifications, Roles, and Responsibilities

Feb 04, 20238 mins readAmit Masih
Career in Machine Learning: Certifications, Roles, and Responsibilities

In a rapidly evolving technological landscape, machine learning plays a crucial role in business success. Take Netflix, for example, which uses ML algorithms to provide customized movie recommendations, resulting in significant cost savings. Similarly, Google's GNMT system, driven by machine learning, has remarkably reduced translation errors by up to 60%.

The rise of machine learning has made it a highly sought-after field for AI professionals. Companies are eager to integrate ML into their products, leading to a surge in demand for ML engineers. As a result, this profession is becoming increasingly lucrative and appearing on top career lists. ML enables individuals to develop computer systems that can learn through algorithms and statistical models, relying on data and self-generated feedback to perform tasks without human intervention. A prime example of an ML system is the picture recognition software used by tech giants like Apple and Google. Through analysis, these systems categorize elements within images, such as location, colour, and subject.

Who is a Machine Learning Engineer (MLE)?

A Machine Learning Engineer is a skilled IT professional who focuses on developing self-sufficient AI systems that automate the application of predictive models. They are responsible for designing and building AI algorithms to learn and make predictions. As part of a larger data science team, ML engineers collaborate with various roles, such as data scientists, administrators, analysts, and architects. Depending on the company's size, they may also interact with other IT, software development, sales, or web development departments. The role of an ML engineer is to bridge the gap between data scientists, who focus on statistical analysis and model-building, and the development of AI systems. This requires evaluating, analyzing, and organizing large amounts of data and optimizing machine learning models and algorithms through testing.

Key responsibilities of a Machine Learning Engineer

  • Conducting research and modifying data science and analytics prototypes.
  • Designing and implementing machine learning strategies.
  • Utilizing test results to conduct statistical analysis and enhance models.
  • Sourcing publicly available training datasets.
  • Regularly training and re-training ML systems and models.
  • Improving and expanding current ML frameworks and libraries.
  • Developing ML applications to meet client or customer needs.
  • Testing and implementing appropriate ML tools and algorithms.
  • Evaluating ML algorithms' practicality and problem-solving potential and determining their success likelihood.
  • Enhancing understanding of data through exploration and visualization and identifying any discrepancies in data distribution that could impact model effectiveness in real-world scenarios.

Requirements and skills

  • Demonstrated experience as a Machine Learning Engineer or equivalent role.
  • Strong understanding of data structures, data modelling, and software architecture.
  • Comprehensive knowledge of mathematics, probability, statistics, and algorithms.
  • Proficiency in coding using Python, Java, and R.
  • Familiarity with leading machine learning frameworks (e.g., Keras or PyTorch) and libraries (e.g., scikit-learn).
  • Exceptional communication abilities.
  • Ability to thrive in a team environment.
  • Superior analytical and problem-solving abilities.
  • Bachelor's degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, or a related field; a Master's degree is a plus.

Best Machine Learning certifications to consider

AWS Certified Machine Learning - Specialty

The AWS Certified Machine Learning - Specialty Certification demonstrates your mastery in utilizing AWS to build, train, and run machine learning models. Achieving the certification requires passing a rigorous 180-minute exam with 65 multiple-choice and response questions. The exam is aimed at experienced professional developers and data scientists, testing their understanding of machine learning algorithms, implementing hyperparameter optimization, and applying best practices in training, deploying, and operating machine learning models. Candidates should have one year of hands-on experience developing, executing, or designing ML and deep learning workloads on AWS.

Google Professional Machine Learning Engineer Certification

The Google Professional Machine Learning Engineer Certification showcases your skill and knowledge in using Google Cloud to design, build, and bring machine learning models into production. To attain this certification, you must pass a two-hour exam of 50-60 multiple-choice questions covering critical areas like defining ML problems, creating ML solutions, and developing ML models. This certification is valid for two years, after which one needs to recertify to retain the credential. While there are no formal prerequisites to take the exam, it is recommended to have a minimum of three years of industry experience and at least one year of hands-on experience in designing and managing ML solutions in Google Cloud.

IBM Machine Learning Professional Certificate

The IBM Professional Certificate in Machine Learning offers a comprehensive curriculum to equip aspiring AI professionals with the skills and knowledge needed to launch a successful career in this field. With a focus on the major types of Machine Learning and special topics like Time Series Analysis and Survival Analysis, this certification is designed to provide a strong foundation for early careers or those new to the field. The course culminates in a practical project that offers hands-on experience and the chance to apply learned concepts in a real-world context.

Azure AI Engineer Associate by Microsoft

Obtaining Microsoft's Azure AI Engineer Associate certification by passing the related exam demonstrates your competence in utilizing Azure Cognitive Services and Azure Applied AI services to implement AI solutions. Ideal candidates should possess proficiency in either C# or Python and hands-on experience with REST APIs and SDKs to develop and deploy solutions such as natural language processing, knowledge mining, computer vision, and conversational AI on Azure. The certification exam evaluates your understanding of critical topics, including the planning and management of Azure Cognitive Services solutions, computer vision solutions, natural language processing solutions, knowledge mining solutions, and conversational AI solutions.

AI and Machine Learning MasterTrack Certificate

The AI and Machine Learning MasterTrack Certificate, offered by Arizona State University, is a comprehensive online program designed to help you deepen your understanding of artificial intelligence. This 6-to-9-month-long course is an opportunity for you to immerse yourself in the field of machine learning through a combination of interactive lectures and team-based projects. You'll get to complete a real module from the university's online Master of Computer Science program, which will give you a solid foundation in the theory and practice of AI. By the end of this program, you'll have gained a thorough understanding of the various learning paradigms in machine learning and be well-equipped to pursue a career in this exciting field.

Why pursue a career in Machine Learning Engineering?

Increased earning potential

Machine Learning Engineers are highly sought-after, and with good reason. According to Indeed, they earn an average salary of $148,485 in the U.S. Salaries can go even higher in larger markets, with ML Engineers in San Francisco earning an average of nearly $200,000 and those in New York bringing home just under $170,000.

High demand for machine learning skills

As companies increasingly embrace big data, demand for data professionals has skyrocketed. This has led to intense competition for AI talent among tech giants eager to secure the best minds in the industry. A recent report from Robert Half found that 30% of surveyed U.S. managers reported that their company is already using AI and ML, while 53% expected to adopt these tools within the next three to five years.

Opportunities for professional growth

Machine learning is a relatively new field, with many solutions, tools, algorithms, and applications yet to be discovered. ML Engineers must embrace lifelong learning, and resources such as courses, blogs, tutorials, and podcasts are essential to staying ahead of the curve in this rapidly evolving field. BrainStation's 2020 Digital Skills Survey shows 61% of data professionals take in-person courses, and another 60% focus on workshops, demonstrating the importance of ongoing education in the field.

Exciting and diverse career paths

Machine learning offers a wealth of career diversity, with virtually any industry benefiting from insights mined from data. You can work in a field that interests you and make a meaningful impact, whether in healthcare, cybersecurity, marketing, or self-driving cars. A career in ML offers the opportunity to be part of a team that makes the next significant breakthrough and is an exciting prospect for many.

Is Machine Learning certification really worth it?

Earning a machine learning certification can enhance your marketability and demonstrate to potential employers that you have the necessary skills to be an effective practitioner. With a shortage of qualified machine learning professionals, a certification in this area can set you apart from the competition and open doors to new career opportunities. Moreover, research suggests that many IT professionals have experienced salary increases and promotions after obtaining certification. While not all certifications are created equal, choosing the right one for your goals and experience level can pay off in the long run.

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